Fibromyalgia syndrome has been fraught with ambiguity in diagnosis, uncertainty in understanding of the pathophysiology behind its myriad symptoms, and difficulties that physicians face in managing it competently.
Initial treatment of plantar fasciitis is based on finding ways to reduce stress applied to the plantar fascia. Surgery for plantar fasciitis may be indicated if prolonged attempts at nonoperative correction are unsuccessful.
A multicenter study of the rarely researched juvenile form of fibromyalgia confirms earlier evidence that children with chronic musculoskeletal pain can benefit from cognitive behavior therapy. Simply learning about their condition helped some, but the therapy was significantly better.